您现在的位置:冠军彩票>> 文章列表>> 教师风采>> 教学教案

定语从句复习

作者:周丽 来源:本站原创 发布时间:2017年04月26日
 

定语从句(I)

一、概念: 在复合句中修辞名词和代词的句子.(在句子中做定语)

Harry Porter is a smart boy.( 形容词做定语)

Harry Porter who has magic power.( 句子做定语,叫做定语从句)

注意: 被定语从句限定的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系代词关系副词

关系代词和关系副词有三大作用:1. 连接(连接定语从句和主句) 2. 替代(替代前面的先行词) 3. 成分(在定语从句中要充当一定的句子成分)

二、          关联词

1.       引导定语从句的关系代词

 

 

主语

宾语

定语

指人

who

that

whom(优先)

who

that

whose(of whom)

指物

that

which

that

which

whose(of which)

指人和物

that

that

 

whose

2.       引导定语从句的关系副词(when   where   why

 

先行词

关系副词

在从句中的成分

时间名词

when

时间状语

地点名词

where

地点状语

reason

why

原因状语

3.       特殊代词as的用法

1) the same…assuch…as 中的as 是一种固定结构, ……一样……

    Eg: I have got into the same trouble as he (has).

2) as可引导非限制性从句,常带有'正如'。例如:

     As we know, smoking is harmful to one's health.

     As is known, smoking is harmful to one's health.

三、          用法(指出关系代词和关系副词在定语从句中的成分)

1.       The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang.            (          )      

2.       The girl whom I met is Lucy.                           (          )

3.       A child whose parents are dead is called Tom.             (          )

4.        I like the book which/that you bought yesterday.        (          )

5.       These are the trees which/that were planned last year.     (          )

6.       I remember the day when I first met him.                (          )

7.       This is the place where I was born.                      (          )

8.       Can you tell me the reason why you lied to me.            (        

四、考点(定语从句改错题)

1.       关系代词只能用that的情况

(1)先行词既有人又有物时

(2)先行词为all, anything, nothing, something, little, few, much等不定代词时.

(3)先行词被all, each, few, much, every, no ,some, any等不定代词修饰时.

(4)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时.

(5)先行词被the only, the very, the last等修饰时

This is the very gun that I am looking for.

(6)主句是以whowhich开头的疑问句

Who is the man that is speaking over there?

(7)there be 句型中,如先行词指物,用that,而不用which.

There are many books that were written by him in my home.

There is a house that has beautiful windows.

练习(一)

The students and things which you spoke of are known to us.(     )

This is the first composition which he has written in English.   

2. 定语从句中只能使用关系词which不使用that的情况主要有

 (1). 限制性定语从句

The house, which we bought last month, is very nice.
(2). 介词+关系代词引导的定语从句中

This is the house in which I lived two years ago.

练习(二)

The sun gives off light and warmth, that makes it possible for plants to     grow.                                            (       )

His dog, that was now very old, became ill and died.      (      )

   The house in that we live is very small.                  (      )

3.as的用法

练习(三)

It is known to all, the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing.(     )

I will buy the same bike which I lost yesterday.(     )

4从句中使用了多余的人称代词

练习(四)

 I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday.

The man you saw him just now is my math teacher.

5.从句谓语动词的人称和数与先行词不一致

练习(五)

Those who wants to go with me put up your hands.

 Anyone who break the law will be punished.

6.从句中缺少作主语的关系代词

               练习(六)

Those have questions can ask the teachers for advice.

Children eat a lot of sugar often get bad teeth.

7.关系代词和关系副词混淆

练习(七)

 This is the factory where we visited last week.

I will never forget the days which we had a good time together at the sea.

8.the way 作先行词

                     练习(八)

       The way which he walks is interesting.

      This is the way in which helps me a lot.

9.定语从句修辞的先行词前面常用定冠词“the

              练习(九)

He is a person who often helps me.

I liked a book he lent to me.

10. 定语从句中加了多余的副词或介词

              练习(十)

This is the village where my father worked in three  years   ago.

We’re going to visit the school where your brother works there.

五、难点(易混题)

1. This is one of the most interesting films _____ shown last week.
  
This is the very one of the most interesting films _____ shown last week.
       A. which was          B. that was   C. which were           D. that were
2.
He has two sons, _____ are college students.
  
He has two sons, and _____ are college students.
       A. both of which                    B. both of whom
       C. both of them                     D. both of it
3.
He still lives in the room _____ window faces to the east.
  
He still lives in the room, the window _____ faces to the east.
  
He still lives in the room _____ is in the north of the city.
  
He still lives in the room _____ there is a beautiful table.
       A. which         B. whose         C. where         D. of which
4.
_____ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights.
  
_____ who leaves the room last ought to turn off the 
lights.
  
_____ who leave the room last ought to turn off the lights.
       A. Anyone       B. Who           C. Those       D. Whoever
5.
_____ we all know, China is rich in natural resources.
  
_____ is well-known that China is rich in natural resources.
  
_____ is well-known, China is rich in natural resources.
       A. Which           B. As         C. It         D. That
6.
I’ll never forget the days _____ we studied together.
  
I’ll never forget the days _____ we spent together.
       A. that          B.
不填
        C. when         D. A and B
7.
This is the only way _____ you can find.
  
I don’t like the way _____ he spoke to his mother.
       A. that    B.
不填
     C. in which     D. A, B and C      E. A and B
8.
Galileo collected the facts _____ proved the earth and all the other planets move around the sun.
  
Galileo discovered the fact _____ the earth and all the other planets move around the sun.
       A. that           B. which         C.
不填
       D. A and B
9.
Is this museum _____ they visited last month?
  
The teacher tells us that _____ cleans the blackboard is to be praised.
      A. that            B. the one          C. which       D. the one who
10.
It was eleven o’clock _____ they went out of the cinema.
    
It was at eleven o’clock  _____  they 
went out of the cinema.
         A. which           B. that         C. when        D. on which

.小题狂练(改错
1. The house in that we live is very small.

2. It is known to all, the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing.
3. The reason which he didn’t go to school is that he was ill.
4. The boy, his mother died last year, studies very hard.
5. I have two sisters, both of them are doctors.
6. We’re going to visit the school where your brother works there.
7. Those have questions can ask the teachers for advice.
8. I will never forget the days which we had a good time together at the sea.             

9. The man you saw him just now is my math teacher.                  

10. He is the person whose the family is very rich.

11. Anyone who break the law will be punished.          

12. The students who don’t know the answers.           

13. There are many people there, but none of whom I know.

14. That is all what I have known.                        

15.Is this book you are interested in?

16.Here is the pen you lost it yesterday.
17.This is the village where my father worked in three  years   ago.
18.The reason why he gave us sounded a little strange.
19.He is the only one of the students who know  French.
20.I’ll never forget the day on which I spent with you.


 

点击数: 【字体: 收藏 打印文章 查看评论

上一篇:社会危机四伏和庆历新政 教案[ 04-26 ]

下一篇:没有了!

相关信息
没有相关内容